The announcement of the Nobel Prizes for 2019 in Sweden’s capital Stockholm began on Monday. This time they will award the Nobel Prize for Medicine to William G. of America Kellyn Jr. and Greg L. Semenza, Sir Peter J. from Britain Ratcliffe. Tomorrow, in Physics and then by October 14, they will announce the Nobel Prize winner in six fields.
Announcing the award, the jury stated that these scientists established how oxygen levels affect our cellular metabolism and physical activity. The jury said that the discovery of these scientists paved the way for a new strategy in the fight against anemia, cancer and other diseases.
The Swedish Academy will announce the Sahitya Nobel Prizes for both the years 2018 and 2019. The academy postponed the announcement of the 2018 literature Nobel because of a sexual harassment case that emerged last year.
Facts related to Nobel Prize in Medicine
Between 1901 and 2018, there were 109 Nobel Prizes in medicine, they awarded 216.
They have awarded Nobel to 12 women in medicine, in 2009 it was awarded to two women simultaneously.
Frederick G. Banting (32), the youngest recipient of the Nobel Prize in medicine, received this award in 1923 for his discovery of insulin.
Peyton House (87) is the oldest Nobel laureate, given the award in 1966 for the discovery of the tumor-inducing virus.
Greta Thunberg is a strong contender for peace
The Norwegian Nobel Committee received 301 nominations for the Peace Prize this year, the largest number since they gave the first award in 1901. This time, 16-year-old Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg is considered a strong contender for the award. He inspired a global movement to save the climate. If she is awarded the Nobel, she will become the youngest winner of the Nobel Prize. Earlier, he was also recently awarded the Alternative Nobel Prize.
What does one get in Nobel Prize?
They give every winner of the Nobel Prize an amount of about four and a half crores. Along with this, they also give a 200-gram medal and citation. On one side of the medal is written the image of Alfred Nobel, the father of the Nobel Prize, the date of his birth and death. On the other side of the medal is a picture of the Greek goddess Isis, the Royal Academy of Science Stockholm and information about the person who received the award.