Hindu organizations claimed the Babri Masjid for the first time in 1813. He claims that the Babri Masjid was built by breaking the Ram temple in Ayodhya. 72 years later; the case reached a court for the first time. In 1885, Mahant Raghubar Das petitioned to put an umbrella on the Ram Chaputra, which was turned down by the district court of Faizabad. The matter reached the Supreme Court after hearing the petitions related to the dispute in three courts for 134 years.
Ayodhya literally means invincible. Ayodhya was previously the center of Vaishnava worship. The Gupta dynasty ruled here in the fifth century. This city became uninhabited in the seventh century. We relate Ayodhya to Ram’s narrative and Suryavanshi.
When was the mosque built?
Historians have different views on this. According to most historians, Zaheer ud-Din Mohammad Babur came to India after defeating Ibrahim Lodi in the first war of Panipat. At his instance, a Subedar Mir Baqi built a mosque in Ayodhya in 1528. It was named Babri Masjid. Some historians believe that they built the mosque during the reign of Ibrahim Lodi (1517–23 AD). There was also an inscription in the mosque which has been mentioned by a British officer A Fuehrer in many places. According to the Führer, by 1889 this inscription was in the Babri Masjid.
The controversy arose 206 years ago.
For the first time in 1813 Hindu organizations claimed that Babur broke the Ram temple in 1528 and built a mosque. The British authorities of Faizabad are believed to have mentioned in their reports that artifacts like Hindu temples were found in the mosque, after which they claimed it. Former IPS officer Kishore Kunal has written in his book ‘Ayodhya Revisited’, referring to the incident that when the mosque’s inscription tampered within 1813, they said it that Mir Baqi broke the temple and built the mosque. Kunal writes in the book that the temple was not demolished in 1528, but was broken in 1660 by Fidayi Khan, appointed by Aurangzeb.
1855-85: Many British officers record many complaints related to the dispute
Since the claim of the Hindus, prayers along with namaz started on the disputed land. Communal violence erupted in Ayodhya for the first time in 1853 under the Nawab of Awadh, Wajid Ali Shah. Even after this, till 1855, both sides continued to perform poojas and namaz at the same place. Muslims were allowed entry into the mosque after 1855, but Hindus were forbidden to enter. In this way, Hindus started worshiping on the Ram platform, built 150 feet away from the main dome of the mosque. In 1859, the British government erected a wire fence at the disputed site. From 1855 to 1885, records of British officers in Faizabad have received many complaints of increasing Hindu activities on disputed land by Muslims.
They filed separate petitions in Faizabad district court from 1885 to 1987
- 1885: For the first time they take the matter up in court. In the district court of Faizabad, Mahant Raghubar Das petitioned to put an umbrella on the Ram platform, which was turned down
- 1934: Riots erupt in Ayodhya. It demolished some part of the Babri Masjid. Namaz was closed at the disputed site.
- 1949: The Muslim side claims that Hindus installed a statue of Ramlala under the central dome in the Babri Masjid. 7 days later, the Faizabad court declared the Babri Masjid a disputed land and its main door was locked.
- 1950: Hindu Mahasabha lawyer Gopal Visharad filed an application in Faizabad district court seeking the right to worship the idol of Ramlala.
- 1959: Nirmohi Akhara asserts ownership over the disputed site.
- 1961: The Sunni Waqf Board (Central) petitioned the court against the installation of the idol and asserted its right to the mosque and the surrounding land.
- 1986: Faizabad court orders the opening of the lock of Babri Masjid.
- 1987: they transferred The entire case from Faizabad district court to Allahabad High Court.
- The verdict came after 23 years of hearing in the Allahabad High Court
The Allahabad High Court asked in 1989 to maintain status quo at the disputed site. Meanwhile, in 1992, thousands of karsevaks reached Ayodhya and demolished the disputed structure. A separate hearing is going on in this case. After 10 years i.e. from 2002, the Allahabad High Court started hearing on the petitions filed for the ownership of the disputed structure land and ruled it in 2010. The Allahabad High Court ruled 2: 1 and divided the disputed site equally between the Sunni Waqf Board, Nirmohi Akhara and Ramlala in three parts.
Supreme Court held hearing for 40 consecutive days
After the Allahabad High Court stayed the judgment in 2011, the Supreme Court in 2018 started hearing all the petitions related to this dispute. From 6 August 2019, the dispute was heard in the Supreme Court for 40 consecutive days. On 16 October 2019, after hearing the arguments of the Hindu-Muslim side, the five-member Constitution Bench reserved its decision.